Cannabis may be ingested in a number of ways, but the most common route of administration remains via smoking or inhaling the drug. Cannabis items are usually smoked (with or without tobacco) either through a pipe or by means of a cigarette (often referred to as a ‘joint’). The pipes come in a huge selection of sizes and forms but frequently have long stems or add a ‘hookah-type’ water filtration system (i.e., water pipe) and are often known as a ‘bong’. When a water pipe is utilized, cannabis smoke is cooled by the water in an effort to reduce its harshness and temperature, which may scald the throat (Booth, 2003).
Little research has been conducted in to the specific harms related to smoking cannabis using a water pipe or bong. Few studies examining cannabis use, besides those relating to the medical utilisation of the drug, have differentiated between the various strategies for delivery (i.e., smoking via joints or water pipes, ingesting in food) and little is famous regarding distinct administration routes, their relationship to drug use patterns, and related harms.
Lately, we have seen a resurgence in popularity in using hookahs or ‘shisha’ to smoke shop near me, particularly flavoured tobacco products. The traditional Middle Eastern water pipe is currently widely smoked around the world, particularly by students and adolescents. Due to the usage of healthy-sounding fruit flavouring and the social way it is almost always used (i.e., in restaurants and cafes), it is often viewed as a ‘safer’ substitute for cigarettes. Because of this recent popularity, there has been an escalating quantity of research conducted examining the harms associated with the aid of the shisha.
This bulletin will examine the origin from the water pipe and what we understand about the harms associated with smoking cannabis via a bong, particularly in comparison to other routes of administration. Because the research is limited in this field, an examination of the current evidence concerning the harms related to water pipe cigarette smoking is included in addition to consideration of methods these details can be utilized in cannabis prevention activities.
Origins of the water pipe – Using water in a smoking apparatus is ancient, with Persian hookahs or ‘narghiles’ illustrative samples of early smoking water pipes (Erickson, Jarvie & Miller, 1977). Inside their 1997 US patent for the ‘improved smoking water pipe or bong’, the authors describe the procedure as follows – “… smoke from your substance being combusted is directed via a tube discharging underneath the surface of water in a potlike container before passing therefrom via a second tube to the mouth in the smoker.”
Where the water pipe actually originated is unclear, while there is increasing evidence to advise that bongs were first used to smoke cannabis in Africa. Based on the archaeological evidence available during the time of writing, Phillips (1983) hypothesised that cannabis was smoked in water pipes in eastern and southern Africa before the development of tobacco. He thought that the discovery in Ethiopia of water pipe bowls, “definitely related to the smoking of cannabis”, tends bqlsqo confirm speculation of your African origin from the water pipe. Others believe they originated in China or Persia, but in such cases the instruments were thought to be used to smoke tobacco.
The phrase ‘bong’ is an adaptation from the Thai word baung, which identifies a cylindrical pipe or tube cut from bamboo. One of the earliest recorded uses from the word within the West is incorporated in the McFarland Thai-English Dictionary, published in 1944, which describes among the meanings of ‘bong’ in the Thai language as, “a bamboo water pipe for smoking kancha, tree, hashish, or perhaps the hemp-plant.” Erickson and colleagues (1977) believe that it is this version which has probably influenced the style of the current devices that incorporate a “general cylindrical tubular construction”, with tubes of plastic as well as other modern materials replacing the hollow bamboo stem that was used in the past. Their description of methods this sort of water pipe works is really as follows:
“The oriental bong, further, provides means for using atmospheric air to dilute the smoke before inhalation, as well as provided oxygen for your combustion producing the smoke. Thus, an air admitting orifice has become provided venting the smoke chamber formed inside the bamboo stem higher than the water in the bottom of the stem. The orifice is finger controllable, in order that air may in the desire in the smoker be either excluded or admitted straight to the smoke chamber to be able to dilute the smoke therein.”
A bong used to smoke cannabis is similar to a conventional hookah within both construction and function, except it is almost always smaller and more portable. The hole within the stem described above, also known as the ‘carburator’, ‘shotty’ or just ‘hole’, is normally kept covered during the smoking process, then opened to enable the smoke to get drawn to the respiratory system in an effort to maximise the impact.